Peeling Back the Layers For Exprivia S.p.A. (BIT:XPR)

In trying to understand the current valuation of Exprivia S.p.A. (BIT:XPR) shares, we note that the Book to Market ratio of the shares stands at 1.333216. It’s commonly accepted that a Book to Market ratio greater than one suggests that the shares might be undervalued.  The book to market ratio has some limitations in certain industries however where intangible assets (such as knowledge) sometimes are not represented on a balance sheet. The ratio is determined by dividing the market price per share by book value per share.  

When handing challenging earned money at exposure, investors will want to look at all the angles in order to make sure that no stone is left unturned when building the stock portfolio. With so many nonstandard stocks available to trade, investors may have to understand a way to make the selection process manageable. Some investors may opt for to start with industry homework first and eventually filter down to individual stock picks. Others may want to start at the individual stock level and go from there. Whatever the approach the investor chooses, handing in the time and effort might greatly assist the long-term performance of the stock portfolio.

Exprivia S.p.A. (BIT:XPR) at present has a current ratio of 0.91. The current ratio, also known as the working capital ratio, is a liquidity ratio that displays the proportion of current assets of a business relative to the current liabilities. The ratio is simply determined by dividing current liabilities by current assets. The ratio may be used to provide an idea of the ability of a certain outfit to pay back its liabilities with assets. Typically, the higher the current ratio the better, as the outfit may be more capable of paying back its obligations.

Return on Assets

There are many nonstandard tools to understand whether a outfit is profitable or not. One of the most prime ratios is the “Return on Assets” (aka ROA). This score suggests how profitable a outfit is relative to its total assets. The Return on Assets for Exprivia S.p.A. (BIT:XPR) is -0.034137. This number is determined by dividing net income after tax by the outfit’s total assets. A outfit that manages their assets well will have a higher return, while a outfit that manages their assets poorly will have a lower return.

Exprivia S.p.A. (BIT:XPR)’s Leverage Ratio was recently noted as 0.593025. This ratio is determined by dividing total debt by total assets plus total assets previous year, divided by two. The leverage of a outfit is relative to the amount of debt on the balance sheet. This ratio is sometimes viewed as one calculate of the financial health of a enterprise.

ERP5 Rank

The ERP5 Rank is an investment mechanism that analysts use to detect undervalued companies. The ERP5 looks at the Price to Book ratio, Earnings Yield, ROIC and 5 year average ROIC. The ERP5 of Exprivia S.p.A. (BIT:XPR) is 6059. The lower the ERP5 rank, the more undervalued a outfit is thought to be.

FCF Yield 5yr Avg

The FCF Yield 5yr Average is determined by taking the five year average free cash flow of a outfit, and dividing it by the current company value. Enterprise Value is determined by taking the market cap plus debt, minority interest and preferred shares, minus total cash and cash equivalents. The average FCF of a outfit is calculated by studying at the cash generated by operations of the outfit. The Free Cash Flow Yield 5 Year Average of Exprivia S.p.A. (BIT:XPR) is 0.021464.

Ever wonder how investors predict positive stock price momentum?  The Cross SMA 50/200, also known as the “Golden Cross” is the fifty day moving average divided by the two hundred day moving average.  The SMA 50/200 for Exprivia S.p.A. (BIT:XPR) is at present 0.88153.  If the Golden Cross is greater than 1, then the 50 day moving average is above the 200 day moving average – indicating a positive stock price momentum.  If the Golden Cross is less than 1, then the 50 day moving average is below the 200 day moving average, indicating that the price might drop.

Magic Formula

The MF Rank (aka the Magic Formula) is a formula that pinpoints a valuable outfit trading at a good price. The formula is determined by studying at companies that have a high earnings yield as well as a high return on invested capital. The MF Rank of Exprivia S.p.A. (BIT:XPR) is 9938. A outfit with a low rank is considered a good outfit to invest in. The Magic Formula was introduced in a book written by Joel Greenblatt, entitled, “The Little Book that Beats the Market”.

Stock volatility is a percentage that suggests whether a stock is a desirable purchase.  Investors look at the Volatility 12m to understand if a outfit has a low volatility percentage or not over the stage of a year.  The Volatility 12m of Exprivia S.p.A. (BIT:XPR) is 37.052100.  This is determined by taking weekly log normal returns and standard deviation of the stock price over one year annualized.  The lower the number, a outfit is thought to have low volatility.  The Volatility 3m is a similar percentage calculated by the daily log normal returns and standard deviation of the stock price over 3 months.  The Volatility 3m of Exprivia S.p.A. (BIT:XPR) is 34.204800.  The Volatility 6m is the same, except measured over the stage of six months.  The Volatility 6m is 34.117800.

Yield

After a recent scan, we can see that Exprivia S.p.A. (BIT:XPR) has a Shareholder Yield of 0.000000 and a Shareholder Yield (Mebane Faber) of -4.04138. The first value is determined by adding the dividend yield to the percentage of repurchased shares. The second value adds in the net debt repaid yield to the calculation. Shareholder yield has the ability to show how much money the enterprise is giving back to shareholders via a few nonstandard avenues. Companies may issue new shares and buy back their own shares. This may occur at the same time. Investors may also use shareholder yield to gauge a baseline rate of return.

In taking a look at some key indicators for Linedata Services S.A. (ENXTPA:LIN), we note that the current Book to Market value for the enterprise is at 0.488435. The Book to Market or BTM is determined as Market Value (or Stock Price)/Book Value. Investors sometimes look for shares with high Book to Market value as this could indicate that the equity is priced below market value and underpriced.

A ratio of a publicly-traded outfit’s book value to its market value. That is, the BTM is a comparison of a outfit’s net asset value per share to its stock price. This is a helpful mechanism to assist understand how the market prices a outfit relative to its actual worth. A ratio greater than one suggests an undervalued outfit, while a ratio less than one means a outfit is overvalued. Value managers seek out companies with high BTMs for their portfolios.

Additional Tools

There are many nonstandard tools to understand whether a outfit is profitable or not.  One of the most prime ratios is the “Return on Assets” (aka ROA).  This score suggests how profitable a outfit is relative to its total assets.  The Return on Assets for Linedata Services S.A. (ENXTPA:LIN) is 0.079194.  This number is determined by dividing net income after tax by the outfit’s total assets.  A outfit that manages their assets well will have a higher return, while a outfit that manages their assets poorly will have a lower return.

Looking at some ROIC (Return on Invested Capital) numbers, Linedata Services S.A. (ENXTPA:LIN)’s ROIC is 0.978865. The ROIC 5 year average is 1.244147 and the ROIC Quality ratio is 3.204638. ROIC is a profitability ratio that measures the return that an investment generates for those providing capital. ROIC helps show how efficient a enterprise is at turning capital into profits. 

In terms of EBITDA Yield, Linedata Services S.A. (ENXTPA:LIN) at present has a value of 0.091108. This value is derived by dividing EBITDA by Enterprise Value.

The Current Ratio of Linedata Services S.A. (ENXTPA:LIN) is 0.94. The Current Ratio is used by investors to understand whether a outfit can pay short term and long term debts. The current ratio looks at all the liquid and non-liquid assets compared to the outfit’s total current liabilities. A high current ratio suggests that the outfit might have trouble managing their working capital. A low current ratio (when the current liabilities are higher than the current assets) suggests that the outfit may have trouble paying their short term obligations.

The Leverage Ratio of Linedata Services S.A. (ENXTPA:LIN) is 0.301857. Leverage ratio is the total debt of a outfit divided by total assets of the current and past year divided by two. Companies take on debt to finance their day to day operations. The leverage ratio can calculate how much of a outfit’s capital comes from debt. With this ratio, investors can better estimate how well a outfit will be able to pay their long and short term financial obligations.

Piotroski F Score

The Piotroski F-Score is a scoring system between 1-9 that determines a enterprise’s financial strength. The score helps understand if a outfit’s stock is valuable or not. The Piotroski F-Score of Linedata Services S.A. (ENXTPA:LIN) is 6. A score of nine suggests a high value stock, while a score of one suggests a low value stock. The score is determined by the return on assets (ROA), Cash flow return on assets (CFROA), change in return of assets, and quality of earnings. It is also determined by a change in gearing or leverage, liquidity, and change in shares in issue. The score is also calculated by change in gross margin and change in asset turnover.

Checking in on some valuation rankings, Linedata Services S.A. (ENXTPA:LIN) has a Value Composite score of 26. Developed by James O’Shaughnessy, the VC score uses five valuation ratios. These ratios are price to earnings, price to cash flow, EBITDA to EV, price to book value, and price to sales. The VC is displayed as a number between 1 and 100. In general, a outfit with a score closer to 0 would be seen as undervalued, and a score closer to 100 would indicate an overvalued outfit. Adding a sixth ratio, shareholder yield, we can view the Value Composite 2 score which is at present sitting at 19.

Volatility/C Score

Stock volatility is a percentage that suggests whether a stock is a desirable purchase.  Investors look at the Volatility 12m to understand if a outfit has a low volatility percentage or not over the stage of a year.  The Volatility 12m of Linedata Services S.A. (ENXTPA:LIN) is 25.417700.  This is determined by taking weekly log normal returns and standard deviation of the stock price over one year annualized.  The lower the number, a outfit is thought to have low volatility.  The Volatility 3m is a similar percentage calculated by the daily log normal returns and standard deviation of the stock price over 3 months.  The Volatility 3m of Linedata Services S.A. (ENXTPA:LIN) is 31.550000.  The Volatility 6m is the same, except measured over the stage of six months.  The Volatility 6m is 26.381300.

Linedata Services S.A. (ENXTPA:LIN) at present has a Montier C-score of 1.00000. This indicator was developed by James Montier in an attempt to identify firms that were cooking the books in order to appear better on paper. The score ranges from zero to six where a 0 would indicate no evidence of book cooking, and a 6 would indicate a high likelihood. A C-score of -1 would indicate that there is not enough information available to sum the score. Montier used six inputs in the calculation. These inputs included a growing difference between net income and cash flow from operations, increasing receivable days, growing day’s sales of inventory, increasing different current assets, decrease in depreciation relative to gross property plant and equipment, and high total asset growth.

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